Uniform and Badges

It is important to properly maintain your uniform, which includes proper badge/medal placement, keeping your uniform clean, and ensuring you wear the correct uniform every day.

Here is a video tutorial on how to iron, shine your boots, place your badges, do your hair and make sure that every little detail gets checked.

Uniform Parts

If you are unable to wear your uniform or have not yet been issued a uniform, please wear black pants and a white long-sleeve dress shirt.

Headdresses:

Headdresses shall be worn at all times in uniform except when eating, when in an eating establishment, or when in a place of worship. Headdress may also be removed while in transit on public transportation but must be replaced before exiting the vehicle. Cadets travelling in uniform typically are expected to keep headdress on, but may remove it en route if the design of the vehicle makes its wear impractical, on extended trips or at the discretion of the senior officer present. The headdress is also customarily removed when seated in class.

  1. Wedge – The wedge is the primary headdress. It shall be worn centered on the head, two finger widths above the eyebrows and tilted slightly right.
  2. Wide-Brimmed Tan Summer Hat – The “Tilley” hat shall be worn for summer training sports activities. It is to be worn square on the head with the string used to secure it.
  3. Toque – The toque may be worn outside in cold weather.

Shirts:

  1. Short Sleeve Dress Shirt – The short sleeve dress shirt is worn during the summer with the top button open. It is also worn with the necktie under the tunic (see TUNIC) on formal occasions. It shall be kept clean and wrinkle-free. The only crease is to be down the centre of each sleeve starting at the centre of each epaulette. Rank slip-ons (see MISCELLANEOUS) shall be worn on the shirt epaulettes. The shirt shall be tucked into the pants at all times.
  2. Dark Blue T-shirt – The dark blue t-shirt is worn during some training at the discretion of the squadron. It shall be wrinkle-free at all times.

Tunic:

  1. Tunic with Cloth Belt – The tunic is the formal jacket of the cadet uniform. It is worn over the dress shirt and necktie on all formal occasions. It shall always be fully buttoned, with the exception of the top button, and shall be kept clean and wrinkle-free. The sleeves of the jacket shall have no creases. The cloth tunic belt shall be worn so the excess of the belt (not more than 8 cm) is on the left side of the buckle. The buckle shall be centered on the uniform. Nothing is to be carried in the tunic pockets, and all pocket flaps shall be buttoned at all times.

Jacket:

  1. All-season Jacket – The all-season jacket may be worn year round when weather conditions dictate. The liner and the exterior jacket may be worn separately or as a set. Rank slip-ons (see MISCELLANEOUS) shall be worn on both.

Pants/Trousers:

  1. Pants– The pants shall be pressed so as to have creases down the centre of each leg in the front and the back. Creases in the front shall extend from the first belt loops to the bottom of the legs. Creases in the back shall extend from the back centre belt loop to the bottom of the legs. Creases shall not be sewn or glued. Do not carry bulky items in the pockets.

Footwear:

  1. Boots – Black ankle boots should be cleaned and polished on a regular basis. The whole boot is to be polished, not just the toe. The areas of the boot where the sole meets the leather are to be cleaned and blackened with an old toothbrush and black polish. Boots are to be laced horizontally from side-to-side. When the boot laces are tied, the ends of the laces are to be tucked inside the boot. Boots should be worn alongside grey wool socks.

Miscellaneous:

  1. Wool Socks – Grey wool socks shall be worn with boots. If a cadet suffers from a recognized allergy to wool, the cadet may wear grey cotton or nylon socks with approval from the Commanding Officer.
  2. Black Belt with Silver Buckle – The black belt with silver buckle shall always be worn with the cadet trousers. The buckle is to be centered with the brass end meeting the brass buckle with no black showing between the two. The belt length will need to be adjusted in order for this to occur.
  3. Necktie – The black necktie shall be worn with the dress shirt under the tunic on formal occasions. It shall be knotted neatly using a Windsor knot and kept tight. When tied, it will extend to the middle of the pants belt buckle.

4. Rank Slip-ons – Rank slip-ons shall be worn on the epaulettes of both shoulders on the short sleeve dress shirt and the all-season jacket, but not the tunic.

5. Nametag – Your first nametag will be provided to you by the squadron free of charge. Cadets are requested to reimburse the Squadron for the cost of a replacement nametag if one is needed. It is worn centered over the right breast pocket of the short sleeve dress shirt and tunic.

7. Badges – All badges are to be sewn onto the tunic neatly with thread that blends in with the colour of the badge and the uniform.

8. Remembrance Day Poppy – The Remembrance Day poppy shall be worn on the uniform on Remembrance Day (November 11th) and for a total of two weeks prior to Remembrance Day. The poppy is worn centered on the left pocket flap of the tunic.

Uniform Care:

When ironing creases into clothing, starch should be used for a crisp look. A pressing cloth made from an old pillow case or thin towel should always be used between the iron and clothing to prevent the fabric from becoming shiny or burning. Always use steam when ironing. This will help to remove wrinkles.

Your Uniform is Government Property

When you joined cadets your parents signed your enrollment form. By signing the enrollment form
your parents have taken responsibility for all parts of your uniform. As a result, you are always
responsible for all parts of your uniform. You should follow these rules:

  1. Do not leave your uniform lying around.
  2. Mark your name in every piece of your uniform.
  3. Return damaged or poorly fitting parts of your uniform to your squadron supply and get
    new parts.
  4. Be sure that any parts of your uniform that you return are signed off when you return
    them.
  5. You must return your uniform promptly if you leave the squadron.

The uniform you have just been issued is on loan to you for as long as you are an Air Cadet. It is
important that you treat the uniform with the care and respect it deserves. Cadets requiring
new uniform parts should speak directly with the Squadron Supply Officer.

In order to take care of your new uniform, please follow these simple instructions:

Here is a video tutorial on how to iron, shine your boots, place your badges, do your hair and make sure that every little detail gets checked:

Tunic (jacket)

– Do not glue the badges on (the glue will destroy the uniform for future use by leaving a
residue).
– Do not use a sewing machine to sew on the badges (the stitches destroy the uniform when
removing them for higher rank badges).
– When sewing on buttons and badges, use appropriate matching thread. When purchasing
thread from a store, take the badge with you for a color match.
– Wash the tunic when it is dirty.
– Hang it on a hanger after you wear it to keep it wrinkle-free.
– If you need to iron the tunic, remember it is polyester and will melt if you use a high
temperature. It is best to have a barrier between the tunic and the iron, for example, a cotton
cloth to absorb the excess heat. Use a polyester setting on the iron.
– Put your name in the tunic so you can tell which is yours when you remove it.

Pants

– When ironing pants try to avoid double creases in the legs. These are known as train tracks.
– Hang pants after wearing to keep them wrinkle-free. Put the seams together so the creases
are kept sharp.
– Do not iron on a high temperature, they are made of polyester and will melt destroying the
pants.
– Use a barrier between the iron and the pant leg to protect the material from accidental
scorching or burning.
– Do not use starch on pants. Starch will increase the chance of melting and leave a white
residue.
– Wash pants when required.
– When hemming the pants, do not cut the excess material. When a cadet outgrows pants the
returned pants are reissued to someone else.
– Do not hem pants using a sewing machine. This leaves a permanent mark on the pant leg
making them unusable once returned.

Shirt, T-shirt, Sweater

– Wash your shirt, t-shirt or sweater after every wearing.
– Use a pre-wash on the collar and underarms to prevent stains (makeup and sweat is difficult
to get out if not washed regularly and pre-treated).
– Iron your shirt before wearing – make sure to crease the sleeves (middle of sleeve on top and bottom).

Tie

– Wash and iron when required – use cold water wash.
– You will be taught how to tie your tie by a senior cadet if you do not know how.

Wedge

– Keep you wedge lint and dirt free (keep it away from pet hair).
– Wash your wedge when it gets dirty, gently in cold water, and let it lie flat to dry.
– Put your name in it.

Overcoat (Parka)

– Keep it clean and wash it in the washing machine when it’s dirty.

Socks

– Wash your socks after every wearing.

Boots

– Store boots in a safe place where they will not get knocked around.
– Cover them when not in use (many cadets use their polishing cloth for this).
– Wipe all dirt of boots before polishing.
Kiwi polish should be the only brand of polish used for polishing boots.
– Spend time on your boots every week (while watching TV is a good time to polish boots).
– It takes time to bring up a good shine on a new pair of boots, but with regular attention, the
shine will come. If you need guidance on polishing boots, ask a senior cadet.
– Put your name in them to prevent losing your boots.

FAQs

I tried on my uniform, but it does not fit!

Bring your uniform back to supply and tell them what the problem is. Don’t make any alterations yourself unless they are small and reversible (like putting a temporary hem in your pants to shorten them).

What happens when I outgrow my uniform?

Just come in to supply and exchange it. If you need to exchange a uniform part on a Parade Night, you can wear black pants, white shirt, black tie (your cadet tie) until you get your new uniform. You cannot wear a combination of uniform and civilian clothing. Supply may also be available on extra training nights.

Am I allowed to keep all this stuff?

Your uniform is on loan to you. It belongs to the Government of Canada and is worth about $400.00. You have to take good care of it while it is issued to you and you will have to return it when you leave cadets. You will be allowed to keep certain items such as socks and t-shirts, but most of it must be returned.

Squadron Shoulder Badge (Shoulder Flash)

The Shoulder Badges are to be worn on both sleeves of the jacket only.
The top of the badge is to be 2 cm below the shoulder upper seam.

Ranks

Rank Badges: Rank Badges are to be worn centred on both sleeves, mid-way between the elbow and the shoulder upper seam.

Warrant Officers: Worn centred on both sleeves with the bottom of the badge 9 cm above the top of the cuff or if a third row of Summer Courses Qualification Badges is worn, 1 cm above the third-row badge.

Proficiency Levels

 

Proficiency Badges: These badges are to be worn  centred on the left sleeve of the jacket, the bottom of the badge immediately above the top of the cuff. If an Air Cadet Fitness Program Badge, a Marksmanship Classification Badge and/or a Glider Pilot Familiarization Badge is worn, the Sqn Proficiency Level Badge is worn 1cm above the Fitness Program, Marksmanship Classification and/or Glider Pilot Familiarization Badge(s). Only the most senior badge is worn.

Pilot Wings

Pilot Wings: The Pilot Wings are to be worn centred , 0.5 cm above medal ribbons on the left breast pocket. If no medal ribbons are worn, wings shall be centred and placed immediately above the left breast pocket.

NOTE: If a cadet successfully completes both Scholarships, only the Power Pilot Wings shall be worn. The Glider Pilot Scholarship Qualification Badge shall then be worn with the other Summer Courses Qualification Badges.

Marksmanship

Marksmanship Badges: These badges are to be worn  centred on the left sleeve. The bottom of the badge to be positioned immediately above the top of the cuff. Only the badge for the highest level attained shall be worn.

Physical Fitness

Physical Fitness Badges: These badges are to be worn centred on the left sleeve. The bottom of the badge to be positioned immediately above the top of the cuff. Only the badge for the highest level attained shall be worn.

Glider Familiarization

Glider Familiarization Badges: These badges are to be worn centred on the left sleeve, the bottom of the badge to be positioned immediately above the top of the cuff. Only the badge for the highest level attained shall be worn.

NOTE: The Air Cadet Fitness Programme Badge, the Marksmanship Classification Badge and also the Glider Pilot Familiarization Badge shall be worn on the left sleeve in the order that they are awarded. The first badge awarded is centred immediately above the cuff of the uniform jacket. The second badge awarded is placed immediately to the left of the first badge, to the front of the sleeve. The third badge awarded is placed immediately to the right of the first badge, to the rear of the sleeve.

Music

Music Appointment Badges: These badges are to be worn centred on the left sleeve of the jacket, the bottom of the badge immediately above the top of the cuff.

Warrant Officers: These badges are to be worn centred mid-way between the elbow and the upper shoulder seam.

Music Profiency Levels: These badges are to be worn centred on the left sleeve with the bottom of the badge positioned immediately above the top of the cuff. Only the badge for the highest level attained shall be worn.

First Aid

First Aid Badges: To be centred on the right sleeve, the bottom of the badge 1cm above the top of the cuff. If Summer Courses Qualification Badges are worn, the First Aid Badge shall be centred on the right sleeve, the bottom of the badge 1cm above the Summer Courses Qualification Badges.

Warrant Officers: Badge is worn on the right sleeve, centred between the elbow and the shoulder upper seam. If both badges have been awarded, only the Standard First Aid badge shall be worn.

Summer Training Qualifications

Summer Course Qualification Badges shall be worn on the right sleeve in the order that they are awarded. The first badge is centred immediately above the cuff of the uniform jacket. The second badge awarded is placed immediately to the right of the first badge, to the front of the sleeve. The third is placed immediately to the left of the first badge, to the rear of the sleeve. The fourth, fifth and sixth badges are placed immediately above badges one, two and three forming a second row of badges and they are placed in the same order as the first row. If a seventh badge is awarded, it shall be placed immediately over the fourth badge. A maximum of seven Summer Course Qualification Badges may be worn.

Badge Placement

Right & Left Sleeve – all ranks except Warrant Officer

Right & Left Sleeve – Warrant Officer

Left & Right Breast Pocket (all ranks)

How to Lace your Parade Boots:

Straight Across Method: No visible under-laces except at the top of the boot.

Parade Boot Polishing Technique:

Note: The best polish for your boots is just regular black Kiwi polish with a Kiwi cloth. Don’t use Kiwi Parade Gloss or the Express sponge, just keep it plain and simple.

  1. Take your Kiwi polish and take the lid off.
  2. Fill the lid with room temperature water.
  3. Take your Kiwi cloth and wind part of it around your index finger.
  4. Apply a generous coat of polish to your boot, applying it in a circular pattern.
  5. Leave your boots overnight.D
  6. ab you Kiwi cloth-covered finger into the water.
  7. Dab the same finger into the polish but don’t put too much polish on. A tiny amount will do.
  8. Go over your boots in the same circular pattern and work them until there are no water droplets left on your boot.

Male Cadets:

Hair shall be neatly groomed and conservatively styled. Bizarre or exaggerated styles or  colours (green, purple, etc.) are not permitted. Male cadets will be clean shaven at all times when in uniform. Hair shall be taper trimmed at the back, sides, and above the ears. It shall be kept free from the neck to a distance of 2.5 cm (1 in.) above the shirt collar. No hair shall touch the ears or fall below the top of the eyebrows. Shaving off all the hair on the head is also permitted.

Sideburns – Sideburns shall not extend below a line horizontally bisecting the ear, and shall be squared off horizontally at the bottom edge and taper trimmed to conform to the overall hairstyle. Beards – Only cadets adherent of the Sikh religion or cadets experiencing recognized medical problems preventing them from shaving may wear a beard. If you fall into either of these categories, please see the Commanding Officer of your squadron.

Female Cadets:

Hair shall be neatly groomed and conservatively styled. Bizarre or exaggerated styles or colours (green, purple, etc.) are not permitted. Hair shall not extend below the lower edge of the shirt collar. Hair must be secured or styled back to reveal the face. Any accessories used to secure or control hairstyles (bobby pins) shall blend with the hair colour.

Backpacks: Civilian backpacks of a conservative pattern may be either carried in the left hand or worn suspended from both shoulders and square on the back.

Civilian Clothing: Other than those specific items listed, civilian clothing shall not be worn combined with the cadet uniform. This includes, but is not limited to, civilian jackets and hats.

Eyeglasses and sunglasses: Conservative designs and colours may be worn when needed. Sunglasses with mirrored lenses are not allowed.

Jewellery: Only a wristwatch, medical alert bracelet, and a maximum of one ring per hand (not costume) may be worn. In addition, female cadets may wear a single pair of plain gold, silver, or white pearl stud earrings in the centre of each pierced earlobe. The studs shall be spherical in shape and not exceed 0.6 cm in diameter. Clear, colourless spacers may also be worn while ears are healing after a piercing. No other piercings (including tongue) may be worn at any time. Male cadets are not authorized to wear any piercings (including earrings).

Make-up: Female cadets are authorized to wear a minimal amount of make-up when in uniform. False eyelashes, heavy eyeliner, brightly coloured eyeshadow or lipstick, coloured nail polish, or excessive facial makeup are not allowed.

Tattoos: Cadets shall not acquire visible tattoos that could be deemed to be offensive (e.g. sexually explicit or suggestive, blasphemous, racist, sexist or homophobic, etc.) or otherwise reflect discredit on the Canadian Cadet Organisation. Cadets in uniform should also refrain from drawing temporary markings on their skin, including reminder notes, etc.

Undergarments: Are required to be worn at all times when in uniform. Brassieres, for female cadets, shall be worn under all uniforms and shall be of an appropriate colour so as not to be visible through the uniform. Undershirts may be worn as long as they are not visible.